Finance

Stock Trading: What Is Fundamental Analysis

Fundamental analysis helps a company estimate its value by analyzing economic and financial status to arrive at a fair value. The factors used to measure the company values are consumer behavior, balance sheet, microeconomic and strategic initiatives.

The stock market prices drop when trading shares, and the fluctuation rates depend on the supply and demand. Investors analyze the current market price, which helps them decide whether to proceed with the shares investment or not. Fundamental analysis focuses on aspects that can have an impact on the company’s value. It’s a valuable analysis for those looking into a long-term trade.

Types of Fundamental Analysis

There are various ways to conduct fundamental analysis. Different traders use variable methods. The two approaches are top-down and bottom-up. None of the techniques is better than the other. It all depends on the situations and the preferences of the investors.

Top-Down Approach

Top-down focuses on factors such as the state of the economy, interest rates, employment status, inflation and GDP forecasts. The investor uses the above factors to forecast the general market trends and the economy’s overall state, making it easy to tell the sectors and industries likely to experience growth.

Furthermore, you can identify high-potential stock when you analyze at a corporate level. With this, you can narrow down the investment by looking at the global status moving down to individual stocks.

Bottom-Up Approach

With this method, the analysis starts with the micro-level. Some investors who use this method understand that the economic situation doesn’t influence the performance of particular stocks.

The bottom-up approach at Top Graphs focuses on the balance sheets, company goods and services, supply and demand, press releases, financial statements and corporate earnings. It helps the investors to get a clear understanding of a company’s operations.

Sector Analysis

While it’s important to analyze a company’s active economy, it’s also crucial to analyze its operational sector. Below are the necessary factors to consider.

  • The future growth potential of the sector.
  • Different types of government policies relevant to the sector.
  • Government changes that could affect the industry. Such changes include an increase in taxes.
  • Growth potential.
  • High competition can affect the company’s profits.
  • Economic stability dynamics of the sector.
  • Threats and opportunities in the industry within which the company operates.

Advantages of Fundamental Analysis

There are various reasons why fundamental analysis is beneficial to the company.

However, it’s good to note that various factors, such as the economy, financial statements, management, and the business model, affect the share price. Below are the contributions of fundamental analysis.

Management Evaluation

The management of a company plays a crucial role in its growth and expansion.

With fundamental analysis, the organization can analyze its performance by comparing the previous year’s performance to the current year.

Analyze Company Strength

It’s not easy for a company to do stock research. Yet, understanding the company’s financial position is a crucial factor that the management needs to consider.

Fundamental analysis helps the company to think out of the box and with no framework.

Determines the Company’s Ability to Stand Out From the Crowd

No matter the company’s financial performance, it’s crucial to understand the competitors’ position. Fundamental analysis helps the company measure its performance against its competitors and know its position in the trade market.

Determine the Fair Value

Fundamental analysis helps a company to determine its value, comparing the past and present performance. When a company knows its fair value, it’s easy to analyze whether it’s devalued or undervalued.

The analysis will help the company make concrete decisions on the next cause of action in stock picking.

Predicts Future Price Movement

Investors often want to know what the company does before researching the company or looking at its financial statements. It is how the company makes money that matters.

Fundamental analysis plays a crucial role in scanning the overall economy, which gives a clear guide and predicts the future price.

Bottom Line

There are various fundamental analysis types, and the one you chose to use depends on your investment style. Some investors carry out the analysis basing on the overall health of the economy.

So, if you want a prolonged investment, then find out if your investment is safe in a particular company or not. Fundamental analysis will help you know financially strong companies that will stay in the industry for prolonged periods.

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